Emergency rescue plan for hydrogen peroxide leakage
In order to follow the policy of “anquandiyi, prevention first”, adhere to the principle of combining prevention and rescue, take the prediction and prevention of emergencies as the focus, and take the rapid and accurate handling of emergencies as the goal, unified command, and hierarchical responsibility. The emergency of hydrogen peroxide leakage can be rescued in an orderly manner with the fastest speed and efficiency, so as to minimize the harm of the emergency and ensure the safety of employees’ lives and property.
It is suitable for emergency rescue of hydrogen peroxide leakage in our chemical joint workshop.
3.0 Distribution of hydrogen peroxide storage tanks
The distribution of hydrogen peroxide storage tanks is shown in the “Dangerous Target Distribution Map”.
4.0 Properties, storage, health hazards and symptoms of hydrogen peroxide.
4.1 Properties of hydrogen peroxide
4.1.1 General properties: Hydrogen peroxide is the scientific name of hydrogen peroxide, its aqueous solution is colorless and transparent, and has a weak special smell. Pure hydrogen peroxide is a light blue oily liquid. It is a strong oxidant with strong bleaching, antiseptic and bactericidal effects, especially in alkaline media.
4.1.2 Toxicity: Hydrogen peroxide is generally non-toxic, but has an irritating effect on the skin and mucous membranes of the eyes. Low concentrations can cause bleaching and burning sensations; high concentrations or prolonged exposure can cause epidermal blistering or severe eye damage; its vapors can irritate the lungs and even cause serious organ damage when they enter the respiratory system.
4.1.3 Combustibility: Hydrogen peroxide of any concentration is not flammable, but it is a strong oxidant. When metal ions, yeast, dust and other impurities are mixed in, especially when the concentration is high, it is easy to decompose and generate a large amount of oxygen, which is easy to cause the combustion of other combustible substances, and the combination of decomposition and oxidation during the ignition process. Prolonged exposure of hydrogen peroxide to combustibles can also cause combustibles to burn.
4.1.4 Explosives: Since the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide will release oxygen and heat, the higher the temperature and concentration, the faster the decomposition. Once the decomposition begins, the heat released by the decomposition will increase the temperature of the material, accelerate the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, and generate more gas, which will expand as the temperature increases. At this time, if the container is closed, high pressure will be generated, causing the container to explode. Although hydrogen peroxide generally does not explode under normal pressure, the oxygen generated by its decomposition can form explosive mixtures with flammable vapors or gases under certain conditions. Once this mixture is triggered (such as sparks, static electricity, etc.), there is a danger of explosion. Hydrogen peroxide can also cause violent decomposition or even explosion in direct sunlight.
4.2 Storage of hydrogen peroxide
4.2.1 When storing hydrogen peroxide, the storage tank should be cleaned regularly to prevent the enrichment of impurities leading to the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide or the total carbon exceeding the standard.
4.2.2 The hydrogen peroxide storage tank should have heatstroke prevention and cooling measures in summer. For details, please refer to the “Management System for Heatstroke Prevention and Cooling”.
4.2.3 The Anquan Department should regularly check the valves and pipes of the hydrogen peroxide storage tank. 4.2.4 Anquan signs such as “no fireworks” should be set up in the hydrogen peroxide storage tank area.
4.3 Health hazards and main symptoms of hydrogen peroxide
4.3.1 Acute health hazards
a) Inhalation: Vapors can cause irritation to the eyes, nose and throat.
b) Skin contact: It will cause tingling and temporary whitening, and it will recover after 2-3 hours of washing, and the residue will cause redness and blistering.
c) Eye contact: May cause serious injury and blindness, which may last for more than a week.
d) Swallowing: It can hurt the stomach and throat, and may cause bleeding in the esophagus and stomach.
4.3.2 Chronic health hazards
a) Inhalation: Causes chronic respiratory diseases.
b) Skin contact: cause skin disease.
c) Eye contact: Causes eye disease.
4.3.3 Main symptoms: irritation, skin tingling, temporary whitening, redness, blistering, eye disease, stomach bleeding. In the case of corrosive damage, blindness, tissue necrosis, and pulmonary edema can occur in severe cases.